Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi
At a time when the Abyssinian Empire was being formed in Syria, the Roman Seljuk rule in Anatolia was strengthening its foundations. How were the relations between these two states? Were they friends or were they at war? Read the full article to find out the facts about Seljuk, Aubrey’s relationship.
In 1071, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi overthrew the Fatimid government. He made Cairo the capital of his government. From there he intended to consolidate his government. The Fatimid government was not completely overthrown.
And yet there was the possibility of riots. Salahuddin wanted to deal with both. In 1175, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi conquered the Hijaz. After the conquest of the Hijaz, it emerged as a major power against the Abbasid Caliphate.
He also feared that he might claim to be caliph because he controlled two Muslim holy sites. But he overthrew the Fatimid regime in Egypt and began to impose Sunni Islam there, for which he allied himself with the Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad.
After an alliance with the caliph, he defeated the Crusaders in 1187 and conquered Jerusalem. After that, Salahuddin became a thorn in the side of the Christians. Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi also conquered Syria, Aleppo and Damascus during this period and the Ayubi Empire emerged as a great state.
After the death of Salahuddin Ayubi in 1193, his son Aziz became Sultan. In 1200, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi’s brother Al-Adil took over the power of Ayubi and then all later Ayubis were Adil’s emirs and sultans’ successors. Al-Adeel established positive relations with the governments around him and improved relations with his neighboring state of Seljuk. Al-Adil’s successors began trading in the Seljuk Empire.
He was succeeded by his son Al-Kamil Sultan. Al-Adeel’s son, Ashraf Ashraf Musa, ruled Damascus, but he wanted to see himself replaced by his father. He married his daughter Queen Sultan to Seljuk Sultan Ala. After this marriage, a deep bond developed between the two families. Now Al-Ashraf was with Moses, the most powerful ruler of Seljuk Rome. He wanted to rebel against Al-Kamil. For this purpose he brought with him other rich men and princes around. But before he could do it. The last sultan of the Khwarizm Empire, Jalaluddin Khwarizm Shah, attacked Ahl.