The Ottoman Empire Origin And Decline || History Of Ottoman
The Ottoman Empire was one of the most powerful and lasting dynasties of world history, this superpower led by the Islamic ruled large areas of the middle east, Europe from east and north africa for more 600-year-old known principal leader as the sultan received authority religious and absolute politics about his people while Europeans Westerners generally saw them as a threat many historians they consider the ottoman empire a source of great stability and security regional as well as important achievements in the arts, science, religion and culture.
Hi Guys In This Article I Well Share With You History Of Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire began as one of the smallest turkish states that arose in asia minor during the decline of the Seljuk Empire, the Ottomans came from an ethnic group basically nomad who was dedicated to the horse breeding and trade,the Turks soon relate to the Muslim cultures around they establish relationships with them commercials and adopt Islam in their Sunni branch, this contact could be due to the silk road because the merchants Muslims would surely transit through the territories where the ottomans the first tribes tickets Turks in the region that later it would be the ottoman empire occur in the military realm when armies of the Abbasid Caliphate needed soldiers for internal struggles and against Christians and Byzantines, so they turned to border territories recruiting to the population, within the Abbasid Caliphate it can already be seen how the Turks go climbing positions in the army and the administration the occupation of anatolia by the Turks may have its origin in the battle of manzikert in the year of 1,071 when the Turks at the service of Seljuks they defeated the Byzantine army of Roman emperor diogenes fourth, this allowed the Seljuks to create a vast sultanate that encompassed iraq and iran,around 1,243 a Mongol invasion of batu knob the han of the golden horde shattered said sultanate, the which had survived the struggles internal, to the Byzantines, to the first crossed and its Syrian neighbors thesangies and ayuvis.
One of those principalities that we could call your first small ottoman state and insignificant was where the Turks which had been yielded by the Sultan of the Seljuks before the Mongol invasion to the first member dynastic of the ottomans ertugrul east territory had as capital the city of Sogur, Ertugrul dies in 1290 giving way to osman’s succession First,Osman first founded the Ottoman Empire around 1,299 the ottoman term is derives from the name of osman that was uthman in Arabic, the Ottoman Turks they established a formal government and they expanded their territory under leadership from osman first, forhan, murat first and bayezid first, in 1453 Mehmed second the conqueror directed the Turks Ottomans to seize the old city of constantinople the capital of Byzantine Empire, this ended the thousand-year reign of the empire Byzantine, Sultan Mehmet renamed the city to istanbul which means the city of islam and made it the new capital of the ottoman empire istanbul became a center dominant international trade and culture.
Mehmed second died in 1481, his son greater Bayezid second became the new sultan, during the reign of Bayezid second son of mehmet second the Turkish momentum is mainly west hergascar is occupied in 1483 joining bosnia taken by mehmed twenty years before the Venetians are expelled from Albania in 1501 During the reign of Bayezid’s son Selim first the focus shifts towards the this where ismail first founder of the new safavid dynasty in persia is being becoming a threat after defeat the Persians in 1514 selim se embarks on a bold company invades the extensive territories of the Mamluks Egyptians around 1517 achieved a victory Rotunda putting Syria, Palestine arabia and egypt under ottoman control Selim is followed as Sultan in 1520 for his son Soliman first, in EuropeIt was known as the magnificent Suleiman a recognition of his skill,the ottoman empire reached its peak between 1520 and 1566 during the reign of suleiman the magnificent this period was marked by great power stability and wealth, soliman created a uniform legal system and gave the welcome to different art forms and literature, be restored during your reign the power of the great vizier and it was generous with the jenízaros allowing them to marry, he developed a considerable legislative activity that focused mainly on the army organization feudalism military territorial property and the tax system, many Muslims they considered suleman as a leader religious and as a political ruler during the government of Sultan Suleiman the empire expanded and included areas from Eastern Europe at its height the Ottoman Empire included the following regions Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Egypt Hungary, Macedonia,Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and a considerable amount of the fringe Coastal North Africa