People

Nationality: noun: Pakistani(s)
adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groups: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhajirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Religions: Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)
Population: 201,995,540 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 31.99% (male 33,195,073/female 31,429,440)
15-24 years: 21.31% (male 22,194,064/female 20,845,816)
25-54 years: 36.87% (male 38,680,978/female 35,794,333)
55-64 years: 5.43% (male 5,498,126/female 5,463,453)
65 years and over: 4.4% (male 4,139,899/female 4,754,358) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 65.3%
youth dependency ratio: 57.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4%
potential support ratio: 13.5% (2015 est.)
Median age: total: 23.4 years
male: 23.3 years
female: 23.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.45% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 22.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: -1.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 38.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas – population: Karachi 16.618 million; Lahore 8.741 million; Faisalabad 3.567 million; Rawalpindi 2.506 million; Multan 1.921 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 1.365 million (2015)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother’s mean age at first birth: 23.4 note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012/13 est.)
Maternal mortality rate: 178 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 53.9 deaths/1,000 live births male: 57 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 67.7 years male: 65.8 years
female: 69.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.68 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate: 35.4% (2012/13)
Health expenditures: 2.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density: 0.83 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density: 0.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 93.9% of population
rural: 89.9% of population
total: 91.4% of population

unimproved:
urban: 6.1% of population
rural: 10.1% of population
total: 8.6% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 83.1% of population
rural: 51.1% of population
total: 63.5% of population

unimproved:
urban: 16.9% of population
rural: 48.9% of population
total: 36.5% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.09% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 102,000 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths: 3,600 (2015 est.)
Obesity – adult prevalence rate: 4.8% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 31.6% (2013)
Education expenditures: 2.7% of GDP (2015)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.9%
male: 69.5%
female: 45.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 8 years male: 9 years
female: 7 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 10.4% male: 9.4%
female: 12.9% (2014 est.)
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